## Mass or Inertia? What does the Higgs give to particles?

We know that all material objects in this universe including the electrons and quarks possess mass. While this sounds very simple, this very fact bothered physicists for a long time. How do particles and other bodies get their mass? As scientists pondered over this question, Peter Higgs came up with his wonderful theory: He proposed that some fundamental stuff or field pervades this entire space and that as particles interact with this field they get their mass. Apparently without interacting with the Higgs field, particles can’t have mass. But this proposition sounds rather strange. Mass is a fundamental property of material objects. It is a measure of the amount of matter in them. So any object or particle that is made of matter will have mass. So, where is the need for objects to interact with something else to acquire their mass? Why do we need to bring in the Higgs stuff to explain the mass of fundamental particles? Well, a simple explanation and a slight modification of Higgs theory will clear the confusion.

In our every day life, we measure the mass of objects with the help of common balance. Also we can know the mass of objects indirectly by measuring their weight. But we can’t use these methods of estimating mass in the outer space where no gravity exists. There, we need to measure the inertia of objects to estimate their mass. We know that inertia is the resistance offered by objects when we try to move them. The more the mass of an object, the more will be its inertia and the more will be the force required to move it from rest. But inertia of an object or the resistance offered by an object not only depends upon its mass but also upon the medium or the environment in which it exists. For example, it requires more force to move objects in water than in air. That is, the more the density and viscosity of the medium, the more will be the resistance and the more will be the force required to move objects. And conversely, the less viscous and less dense the medium, the less will be the frictional resistance and the less will be the force required to move objects.

In other words, inertia of an object (or the resistance offered by an object when we try to move it) not only depends upon its mass but also upon the frictional resistance of the medium. The same expressed in mathematical terms:

I m x fr

where
I is the inertia
m is the mass of the object
fr is the frictional resistance offered by the medium (or environment)

From this, we can learn that for inertia to become manifest, there must be some medium or some resistance in the environment. If there was nothing in the space and no resistance in the environment, inertia would become nonexistent and we wouldn’t be able to know the mass of fundamental particles. Also, if there wasn’t this thing called inertia in Nature, every object, tiny and big, would get accelerated to infinite velocities even with slightest force which is obviously prohibited in Nature. This implies that absolute vacuum doesn’t exist in Nature, rather our entire space is permeated by some resistive fluid medium. And our scientists have given a name to that stuff filling the universe i.e. Higgs field. But unlike what the scientists believe, what the Higgs ‘field’ gives to particles is inertia and not their mass.

Actually people have known and believed in the existence of some subtle medium or some fundamental stuff pervading this entire universe since ages and which they have called with different names in different times and different contexts. For example in ancient Hindu scripts it was mentioned as ‘Akash’, one of the ‘pancha bhutas’ or five elements that made this universe. And in the pre-modern era, it was known by the name ‘Ether’. Modern day scientists describe that as Higgs field in one context and dark matter in another context without realizing that they both are just one thing. And on this blog, we have described the same as cosmic ocean of photons or ultra-photons. And despite the different names and descriptions given, they all are one and the same, and the same one thing will explain all the phenomena in Nature from inertia to gravity and the wave like behavior of particles in DSE.

People may argue that Michelson Morley experiment had disproved the existence of ether. But if that was true, Michelson experiment would also disprove Higgs field and dark matter. If at all the experiment disproved something, it was just our misconception of the ether and not actually the ether.

Coming back to our discussion on Higgs, the proposition of the existence of Higgs field puts the first law of Newton in jeopardy. The law states that 1) an object at rest continues to be at rest and 2) an object in uniform motion continues to be in the same uniform motion unless acted upon by external force. While the first part of this law still holds true, the Higgs theory clearly disproves the second half of it. Because of the frictional resistance of the space conferred by the Higgs medium, any object moving in space is ought to come to rest at some point in time. Or, in other words, with Higg’s field pervading our entire space, the scenario of a moving body with no external force acting upon it doesn’t simply exist and so Newton’s first law becomes irrelevant in this Universe. And the story doesn’t stop there. The existence of Higgs field calls for review of many other scientific theories.

Contrary to the prevailing belief, it neither requires costly experiments nor complicated maths to do science but rather commonsense. But unfortunately, commonsense has disappeared from modern science as it has become purely mathematical. While scientists have been successful in explaining the Nature in mathematical terms, they have been failing to translate that into rational physical models. It is questioning of the irrational beliefs which paved the way to science. But this questioning attitude, the very basic foundation of science, has disappeared from the discipline of science nowadays. As people confuse science for technology, they blindly believe in everything that gets taught as science, however irrational and weird that may be. People need to realize that science and technology are two different things and that technology can be built without a thorough understanding of the underlying physics. For example radio was invented when scientists knew little about electromagnetic waves. While a better understanding of Nature definitely helps build better technology, technology can’t be argued as a blanket proof of science. If people remain as critical and skeptical in science as they do in politics and religion, they will realize that many of our modern scientific theories need rewriting.

## Demystifying Double Slit Experiment

“If studying quantum mechanics doesn’t make you dizzy, you haven’t understood it” Neils Bohr, the father of quantum physics.

“If you are not completely confused by quantum mechanics, you do not understand it” John Wheeler.

“Quantum mechanics makes absolutely no sense” Roger Penrose.

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum mechanics. Nobody knows how it can be like that” the great physicist Richard Feynman.

That’s how the physicists themselves have felt about the quantum physics, and we could imagine how it would be like for the fresh science graduates and the lay people. Quantum physics is full of absurdities and counterintuitive notions. According to this weird science, a particle can exist at multiple locations simultaneously, a particle can travel via multiple routes simultaneously, a cat can be both dead and alive, a door can be both open and shut etc etc at the same time. And then wave-particle duality, quantum entanglement, superposition, multiple universes and so on and so fourth… there exist so many mystical notions in quantum physics that defy our logic.

But why did our physicists come to those strange conclusions that made no sense, even to them? Well, apparently, that is what the results of the double slit experiment (DSE) implied. In this article we will take a relook at the Double Slit Experiment and see if we can make some sense out of this great historical experiment.

Thomas Young, a British physician turned physicist, conceived and devised this experiment in early 1800s. When light photons were fired in this double slit experiment, they produced wave like interference pattern on the detector screen which implied that each photon was traveling through both the slits like a wave. But how can a particle pass through both slits like a wave? If we can solve this puzzle, we can dispense with all the absurd teachings of quantum physics.

Imagine that we are undertaking the double slit experiment and studying the behaviour of water molecules. For this, we have a water gun which can shoot water molecules at any desired rate i.e. it can shoot water molecules one by one or in a continuous shower like manner. And we have a screen with 2 slits in it and behind this we have a ‘hydrosensitive’ screen which records the impacts of water molecules at various points on it. Now we shoot showers of water molecules with our water gun towards the slits in the first screen. While most of the water molecules get stopped by the screen, some of them pass through the slits and go on to hit the detector screen behind. We study the distribution of the hits on the detector screen. It is no surprise that we see the following pattern (two bands corresponding to the slits).

Then we shoot water molecules one by one with our water gun. As our gun is not the best shooter in the world, it shoots the water molecules a bit randomly i.e. each molecule it shoots goes in a slightly different direction. So again, while most of the molecules get stopped by the first screen, some of the molecules pass through the slits and reach the detector screen. After a sufficient number of molecules have been shot, we study the distribution of hits on the hydrosensitive detector screen. It is again no surprise that we see the same pattern (i.e two bands) as noted above. This is obviously what we would expect from particles in our everyday world. We may call this as particle pattern of distribution in contrast to the interference pattern we get when waves are ‘fired’ in DSE. So far we have found nothing too exciting or weird.

Now let’s place our whole set up inside a large container (or a sea) of still water and repeat the experiment. Let’s presume that our ‘hydrosensitive’ detector screen, despite being surrounded by water, doesn’t record any ‘hits’ because the molecules are absolutely still and as such are not hitting the hydrosensitive screen. Of course in reality, water molecules will never be absolutely still (except probably at absolute zero temperature), so adjoining molecules keep colliding with the detector screen. But these random collisions by the adjoining water molecules will only produce a diffuse/uniform distribution of hits on the entire detector screen without any specific pattern or bands. We could ignore that as ‘background noise’ or set that as zero reading.

Now let’s ‘trigger’ our water gun to shoot water molecules one by one. After a sufficient number of molecules have been shot, we study the pattern of impacts recorded on the detector screen. What kind of pattern do you expect on the detector screen?

Interestingly, we don’t get the previously noted particle pattern (or two band pattern) now despite the fact that we have fired the water particles exactly as before. Rather we get interference pattern (or multiple band pattern) as shown below, which is characteristic of waves.

Of course it is not difficult to explain why the particle pattern vanishes here and gives way to the interference or wave pattern:- Each water particle that gets fired initiates a wave in the still water which travels towards the first screen. While most of the wave gets reflected back by the screen, a portion of the wave passes through each slit and emerges on the other side as a ‘daughter wave’. Because there are two slits, there are going to be two such daughter waves or wavelets. These two ‘wavelets’ spread and interfere with each other and result in the interference pattern observed on the detector screen.

So what made the particle pattern vanish here and give way to the interference or wave pattern? Obviously it is the water environment which is responsible for the appearance of the wave pattern. Outside the water tank, the water particles produced only two bands. Now the question comes, if water environment could make water particles to produce wave like interference pattern, what environment could make photon particles produce the same? It must be obviously a photon environment. So the fact that photons cause wave like interference pattern in DSE implies that our world is immersed in an ocean of photons.

So when we fire a photon, it would initiate a tiny wave in the ocean of photons, which would then travel through both the slits and produce the interference pattern on the detector screen. Now it is no surprise that photon particles produce wave like interference pattern in DSE if we propose that our universe is immersed in an ocean of photons. Thus double slit experiment provides a direct proof of the existence of cosmic ocean of photons (in other words ‘Ether’). And unlike what the quantum physicists believe, a photon as such doesn’t pass through both the silts but it is the wave generated by the fired photon which passes through both the slits.

I have explained elsewhere why Michelson’s experiment doesn’t disprove Ether and how it actually disproves the superstition that speed of light is constant. I have also explained elsewhere how the so called aberration of star light fits in with the Ether model and also talked about the ‘rain-umbrella story’ which the physicists are unduly fond of reciting while promoting their relativity ideology.

Apart from solving the DSE puzzle and demystifying the quantum mechanics, this Photon Ether model explains so many other mysterious phenomena in simple and clear terms.

Gravity – Whirlpool model: Just like how an object spinning in water creates a whirlpool around it and draws objects towards it, Earth spinning in the ocean of photons could be creating a similar whirlpool around it and dragging objects towards it. So gravity is no longer a mystery and no mythical and absurd concepts like bending of space or warping of space as suggested by Relativity theory. The whirlpools in the photonic ocean generated by the spinning celestial bodies also explains the so called gravitational waves.

Inertia and mass: Existence of Ether explains why there is something called inertia and thus explains mass. Ether is probably what represents the Higg’s field and photons the so called God’s particles. The funny thing here is that scientists have disproved Ether only to reintroduce it with a different name and flavor!

Next we can describe the so called electromagnetic waves in simple and clear terms. They are nothing but waves in the ocean of photons and they are no different from the water waves in an ocean of water. But our science text books describe them as ‘self propagating electric and magnetic fields oscillating in perpendicular planes in vacuum’ no one can understand what that really means. Finally we can explain the so called red shift and cosmic microwave background radiation etc and dispense with the theory of Big Bang.

Electrons and double slit experiment : To explain the interference pattern produced by photons, we have proposed the existence ‘photon Ether’ which is nothing but a sea of photons pervading this entire universe. But how do we explain the interference pattern produced by electrons? Do we need to propose now the existence of what may be called as ‘electron Ether’ in addition to the ‘photon Ether’ or ‘lumiferous Ether’ described above? Absolutely not. In fact, not only electrons but many other particles (even ‘clumps’ of carbon atoms called buckyballs) were observed to behave like waves in the double slit experiment and we can explain all of them by the same Ether model.

## Understanding the Quantum Delusions: Part 1

Unlike truth, understanding a delusion is difficult because the latter will not have clarity and reasoning. And that explains why modern science is difficult to comprehend. Here we will make an attempt to understand how the delusional science of Quantum Physics evolved with all its weird teachings.

To put it in simple words, classical mechanics is the physics of the macroscopic world AND quantum mechanics is the physics of the microscopic subatomic world, otherwise called the quantum world. So while classical mechanics describes the motion of objects and various phenomena and events at a much larger scale, quantum mechanics describes the motion of particles and various phenomena and events at the subatomic level.

In 1901, Max Planck from his work on black body radiation first suggested that energy at the most fundamental level exists in discrete lumps (or quanta) and not as a continuous variable unlike what we think of it in our everyday world. This idea of ‘quantisation’ of energy had caused so much confusion amongst the scientific crowd that it paved way to an entirely new branch of science with weird assumptions and stupid rules. But, despite the confusion it caused, the idea that energy exists in discrete lumps is actually not so weird.

Things in ‘accurate world’
Imagine that we go to a groceries shop and purchase 20kg of rice, 1kg of sugar, 2kg of tomatoes etc. On the way back, we realise that we have a busy schedule ahead and hence may not be able to come for shopping for the next few weeks. So we decide to buy some more stuff. This time we go to a newly opened supermarket called ‘the accurate world’ where we heard that everything is dispensed using highly accurate atomic weighing machines. Apparently their accuracy in measuring weights far exceeds that of the atomic clocks in measuring time! Shop keepers swear by the accuracy of the atomic weighing machines so much that they only dispense things by their weight and never by their volume or number. (For now let’s assume that weight and mass are one and the same for the sake of discussion. In any case the weight of a substance is also a measure of its mass, so we are not committing any blunders by doing so. Of course the eccentric minds of relativists and quantumists may decide to contradict on this just to distract us from uncovering their ignorance!)

As we enter the accurate world, we see a brick shop and we remember that we need some bricks to repair the damaged steps in our portico. We place an order for 10kg of bricks having ‘understood’ the ‘rules’ of the accurate world.The owner replies that each brick in his shop weighs exactly 0.3 kg, so he suggests us to select a quantity that is a multiple of 0.3kg. We think that is fair enough and ask for 9.9 kg of bricks.The shop owner happily dispenses the said quantity using his atomic weighting machine. We count the bricks to make ourselves comfortable- we have 33 bricks.

Now we go to a cereals store and ask for 20kg of rice. The shop keeper feeds the said quantity i.e. 20kg into his computer, looks for a second and replies “sorry sir, you can either have 19.999995kg or 20.000018kg of rice but not 20kg”. Either figure makes no difference to us but we wonder why it is so and we remember that we have purchased 20kg rice without any problem from the groceries shop before coming to the accurate world. Looking at our puzzled faces, the shop keeper adds “each grain of rice in our shop weighs exactly 23mg, so we can only dispense rice in multiples of 23mgs and not in any other quantity”.Though he is not weird, we feel a bit shocked to hear that as we are not used to such level of accuracy while purchasing food grains. But any way we ask for 20.000018kg of rice as this figure sounds little easier than the other. Of course we do have to pay a little extra for that extra grain of rice.

Lastly we go to another shop to buy some water. As we stand in the queue we hear the shop keeper saying to the customer in front of us who asked for 1kg of water “sir, we can only dispense water in multiples of 2.991507×10-26kg which is the weight one molecule of water. So either you can have 1.000000——–2576 kg or 0.999999——-7621 kg of water but not 1kg. And of course there is a slight difference in the price too between the two quantities, roughly about 0.000000000——4376 rupees”. Terrified by the figures in the accurate world, the customer in front feels dizzy and faints. As a team of paramedics promptly come to his rescue, we immediately rush to home, not willing to risk ourselves meeting the same fate.

But what is wrong with things in accurate world? Why do people feel dizzy shopping there? Unlike what we may think, things in accurate world are not actually weird. It is just that we are not used to look at things at such magnification. We imagine water as a continuous variable in our everyday life but at the most fundamental level it actually exists as discreet bits which we call as water molecules. So water is not different from bricks in that regard. We can only buy bricks in multiples of a discreet quantity and so is the case with water. This may appear weird at a superficial level but not so if we look at things deeper.

Same is the case with energy. We are used to think energy as a continuous variable in our everyday life. But we don’t have to believe that our world is weird (and hence abandon our logical sense) if we find energy in discreet bits or quanta at the ultimate level. Matter is granular at the most fundamental level – scientists don’t feel this as weird because they have always imagined matter as particulate stuff. But when they realised that Energy is also granular, they felt weird because they have never imagined energy existing in discrete lumps like matter. Whenever we find something weird in Nature, we shouldn’t conclude that Nature is weird, rather we must take that as our ignorance and lack of correct understanding of it.

So if we can correctly understand energy, energy quanta shouldn’t sound weird! Of course we may never know what exactly is energy and from where this ‘divine’ power comes. And of course our understanding of matter also may never be complete. But lack of understanding is better than misunderstanding something. We usually are aware of our ignorance when we don’t understand things. But it is not so when we misunderstand things. Misunderstanding obviously misleads us and it may be a while before we realise that and restart our journey. That is what the weird theories of relativity and quantum physics have done to us for more than a century, they have simply mislead us and made us go in the wrong direction in our exploration of Nature. Unless we go back and start fresh, we will not know the truth.

Understanding the Quantum delusions: Part 2